Linux and Unix filesystems are arranged into a hierarchy like a tree. Everything starts at the root or /. Your files may be separated, even on different hard drives.
Learn How To Mount Devices
Using the mount command will attach a device into your file tree at the location you specify. This program has many options and functions so we will only list a few of the most important items.
Unmount Drives Too
You should use the umount command to unmount hard drives. Note that the n is missing, this is the most common mistake when using the umount command.
Display Partition Information
To display your system partition information use the command below.
$ cat /proc/partitions
Here are some useful commands and options that will help you mount devices from the Linux command line.
This is the standard usage for the mount command.
$ mount option /device /directory
Another example of the mount command.
$ mount /dev/sda1 /home/user/folder
List Mounted File Systems
This will list all of the filesystems that you currently have mounted.
$ mount -l -t type
Ged Extra Help
This will give you further help.
$ mount -h
Mount Version Information
See the version information for the mount tool.
$ mount -V
Use Verbose Mode
The next command will p ut mount into verbose mode.
$ mount -v
Mount Fstab Devices
Will mount all filesystems listed in your /etc/fstab
$ mount -a
Use Read Only Mode
The next command will mount your filesystem in read-only mode.
$ mount -r
Use Read Write Permissions
Mounts the filesystem with read and write permissions enabled. This is the default.
$ mount -w
Mount File System By Label
Use this to mount the filesystem that has the Label you choose.
$ mount -L
Mount File System By UUID
This will mount the filesystem with the UUID you specify.
$ mount -U
This is the standard usage for the umount command.
$ umount option directory or device
This will unmount the specified device.
$ mount /dev/sda1
This will unmount the device that is mounted in the specified folder.
Will print the version information.
Use this to get help.
Turns on verbose mode.
This will unmount all devices listed in your /etc/mtab file.
Use this to find unmount file systems of the specified type.
Will force an unmount.